Enhance your reservoir knowledge with LMKR expertise of reservoir characterizations.

We provide complete basin and field level studies for conventional and unconventional resource identification and evaluation. For exploration, we help you identify sweet spots, hydrocarbon potential, and leads & prospects for new exploration blocks and acreages. Our team of experienced geoscientists and reservoir engineers can help you in reserves estimation, asset evaluation, and reserves certification. Our expertise in upstream disciplines range from surface geology to reservoir simulation. For details of each discipline please select the following links:
Geological Field Studies/Mapping
Using a modern approach of remote sensing and GIS technologies, our team of experienced of structural geologist and sedimentologists delivers accurate results with high quality maps. LMKR's field geological studies and service offerings are as follows:
  • Determination of lateral & vertical extents and thickness of targeted formations
  • Lithofacies description of target formation in any stratigraphic section
  • Faults identification on surface
  • Construction of field stratigraphic and biostratigraphy log
  • Sedimentary structures identification and defining bedding patterns
  • Gross depositional environment maps
  • Petrographic analysis to determine the paleo environment and provenance of different depositional units
  • Prospect Identification using results of structural geology
  • Seismic acquisition plan using results of structural geology
Surface Geological Map of Study Area
Surface Geological Map of Study Area
Petroleum System Modeling

Determining the possible presence as well as extent of hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon-bearing rocks in a basin is the ultimate goal. We have expertise in basin evaluation and can deliver high quality results in a limited time frame. Using top of the line solutions for modeling, LMKR offers:

  • Basin classification and structural analysis
  • Sequence stratigraphy
  • Depositional environments
  • Play fairway analysis
  • Common risk segment mapping
Petrophysical Interpretation
For the understanding of reservoir and its detailed characteristics, our expert Petrophysics team can help interpret rock properties. Our offerings under petrophysical interpretation services are as follows:
  • Pre-job planning and acquisition support
  • Designing of logging programs to address formation evaluation challenges
  • Tool combination plan for optimal data quality, wellsite efficiency and safety
  • Real-time support and QC of logging data and sample quality
  • Standard interpretation
  • Detailed formation evaluation
  • Log analysis of both carbonate and clastic rocks
  • Quick look, qualitative & quantitative log interpretations, core calibration, pay zone identification and perforation interval selection
  • Petrophysical analysis of unconventional reservoirs
  • Interpretation of RFT/MDT data
  • Integrated interpretation to determine field reserves

Detailed Petrophysical Analyisis
Well Failure Analysis
The analysis of failure of a well is as important as that of a successful well. LMKR can help in identification of the key geological reasons behind the failure of a well by focusing on reservoir presence, reservoir quality and seal, source rock maturity, structural closure, etc.
Seismic Interpretation
Seismic reflection interpretation usually consists of calculating the position of interfaces and identifying geologically concealed interfaces or sharp transition zones from seismic pulses return to the ground surface by reflection. The influence of varying geological conditions is eliminated along the profiles to transform irregular recorded travel times into acceptable subsurface models. Using industry leading software technologies, LMKR's seismic interpretation consultant group helps in:
  • Seismic survey designing, planning, parameters testing and QC of field operations
  • 2D/3D seismic data processing, QC and parameters optimization
  • Advanced 2D/3D seismic interpretation and prospect generation in compressional and extensional regimes
  • Structural interpretation (two way time, depth, isochron, isopach maps)
  • Fault seal analysis
  • Structural balancing & restoration
  • Velocity modeling
  • Attribute analysis
  • Synthetic seismogram
  • Depositional facies modeling
  • Reserves calculation
  • Prospects risking & ranking
Reservoir Geophysics
In the field of reservoir geophysics, LMKR offers:
  • Reservoir characterization and property modeling
  • Enhanced seismic resolution using advanced attribute analyses
  • Stochastic high resolution post stack and pre stack elastic inversion
  • Lithology constrained elastic inversion
  • Reservoir parameters prediction over 3D volume
  • Seismically guided geologic modeling using neural networks
Integrated Reservoir Static Modeling and Mapping
For decision making and finalizing the estimation of reserves, an integrated reservoir model is constructed which is known as "Static Reservoir Model". LMKR offers services of integrated reservoir modeling by incorporating geological, geophysical, petrophysical and geomechanical information. The reservoir modeling and characterization results are used in field planning and management.

Integrated Reservoir Static Modeling and Mapping
Well Planning
Industry leading software LMKR GVERSE Planner allows multiple well planning to easily visualize geologic surfaces, quickly create surveys and geoprognosis reports. It provides geologists with the capabilities needed to accurately design proposed wells and rapidly make well completion decisions maximizing productivity.
With the help of experienced geoscience and engineering consultants, LMKR offers:
  • Drilling workflow optimization to reduce geological nonproductive time (GNPT)
  • Pore pressure prediction and fracture gradient analysis
  • Subsurface drilling hazard analysis
  • Reservoir geomechanics
  • Wellbore stability and broaching analysis
  • Wellbore seismic analysis
  • Geosteering
  • Real time monitoring

Well planning in LMKR GVERSE Planner
Geomechanical technologies focus on the estimation of subsurface properties affecting hydraulic fracturing including natural fractures and their complex interaction with regional stress and hydraulic fractures. This modeling uses new and fast computational tools that accurately represent the physics of stimulation of fractured reservoirs. LMKR, in collaboration with partners, offers the following services around geo-mechanics:
  • Geologic and fracture modeling
  • Seismically constrained geologic and fracture models
  • Geomechanical modeling
  • Modeling the interaction between natural and hydraulic fractures
  • Estimation of asymmetric half lengths
  • Estimation of stimulated permeability and export to any simulator

Geo-mechanical analysis to highlight the best fracture location
Field Development Plan
LMKR has unmatched expertise in developing a detailed field development plan with features including:
  • Review and analyses of extraction technologies
  • Implementation of best possible completion scenarios
  • Calculation of estimated ultimate recovery by performing production profiling
  • Combination of best possible infill drilling, proponent selection for optimized productions
  • Number of wells to be drilled and production facility design
  • Economic evaluation and analyses
  • Risk factor identification and mitigation plan
  • Filed abandonment plan
Reservoir Management Plan
Advanced inversion techniques enable us to estimate changes in reservoir fluid saturation and pressure properties. This technique is useful in estimating the remaining hydrocarbon volumes and can help optimize the production and recovery factor. Following are the offerings:
  • Projected ultimate recoveries
  • Producing rates oil, gas and water
  • Reservoir pressure management and monitoring
  • Development well placement
  • Individual well and total field off take rate (production rates)
  • Determination of primary drive mechanism

Advanced seismic inversion technique to tap untapped areas
Reservoir Simulation

Reservoir simulations are run to depict the unknowns of a new field and for production forecasts of developed field by using well known reservoir engineering equations and techniques. Simulation models are used to identify the number of wells needed for an optimum recovery, present and future program for EUR and expected reservoir hydrocarbon volumes. LMKR has expertise in building dynamic reservoir models, history matching, and running different simulation models that forecast remaining reserves as well as economic analysis of the reservoir.